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    PAEs testing

    Phthalates are a widely used class of plasticizers that modify or soften plastics and are ubiquitous in plastics and paints. A variety of phthalate esters are considered hazardous and restricted to use. Pony's test group provides you with a test for phthalate.

    Application of PAEs
    Plastics, an artificial substance closely related to our daily life, has good ductility and stable physicochemical properties by adding phthalate plasticizers, so it is widely used in construction materials, furniture equipment, and transportation vehicles. Materials, clothing, food packaging materials and pharmaceutical products. Phthalates are also widely used in nail polish and other cosmetics, dyes, PVC flooring, artificial leather and, some adhesives. It is widely used in the production of polymer plastic products, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polypropylene (PP), and foam, in daily and industrial applications, and can also be added to glues, coatings, and inks. Also used in carpet liners, insect repellents, hair sprays, nail polishes, etc. There are six types of phthalates that are often added to plastics:
    1.Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP);
    2.Di-n-octyl Phthalate (DNOP);
    3.Diisodecyl Phthalate (DIDP);
    4.Bis-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate (DEHP)
    5.Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP)
    6.Benzylbutyl Phthalate (BBP)

    The harm of PAEs
    According to foreign research, phthalate esters are released into the environment except for the production process, use or addition of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). They can enter the human body through food, air inhalation, etc., interfere with the secretion of organisms and hinder the disease. The reproductive function of the organism causes malignant tumors and is prone to deformed children.

    PAEs limit
    Listed six phthalate esters: di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate DEHP, dibutyl phthalate DBP, butyl benzyl phthalate BBP, phthalic acid Restriction of isodecyl ester DINP, diisobutyl phthalate DIDP, dioctyl phthalate DnOP:
    The plastics contained in toys or childcare products contain 3 types of phthalates (DEHP, DBP and BBP) at concentrations not exceeding 0.1%, otherwise they may not be sold in the EU market;
    Children can put imported toys and child care products, the plastics contain 3 types of phthalates (DINP, DIDP, and DnOP), the concentration should not exceed 0.1%, otherwise, they should not be sold in the EU market;
    Each does not exceed 0.1% alone.
    REACH regulations
    On October 28, 2008, the list of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) officially published by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) included di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and dibutyl phthalate. (DBP), according to the REACH regulations, suppliers of goods with an SVHC content of more than 0.1% need to provide customers and consumers with safe use information, starting from December 1, 2011, manufacturers and importers of such products, It is the responsibility to notify the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA).
    American PAEs limit
    August 14, 2008, US president George W Bush signed federal act H.R.4040 Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA). This act is a fundamental change to the previous CPSA act, and it changed the American consumer products security supervision system. It calls for great attention from consumer product manufacturing enterprises. This act requires all toy/ children product that looking for ways to be sold in America, must pass a security check by a third-party agency approved by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).
    All toys or child care products: DEHP + DBP + BBP ≤ 0.1%
    All toys or child care products that can be placed in the mouth: DEHP+ DBP + BBP +DINP+DIDP+DNOP≤0.1%
    Brazil (implementation date 2008.3)
    All vinyl toys: single phthalate (DEHP, DBP, BBP) ≤ 0.1%
    Toys for all vinyl materials for children under 3 years old: single phthalate (DEHP, DBP, BBP, DINP, DIDP, DNOP) ≤ 0.1%
    Denmark: implementation date 2006.7.11
    EU Directive 2005/84/EC provides
    Suitable for all play or child care products for children 3 years of age or younger who can be placed in the mouth: total phthalate content of all other phthalates ≤0.05%
    Japan: implementation date 2003.8
    All synthetic resin toys: DEHP is prohibited
    All synthetic resin toys for children 6 years of age or younger who are in direct contact with the child's mouth: DEHP, DINP is prohibited
    Determination of Phthalate Esters Testing
    Due to phthalates it can increase the plastic, so in PVC plastics, printing ink, paint, wire, chemical raw materials, toys, textiles, leather and other material is likely to contain phthalates material composition and so on, especially the DEHP, DINP both, occupies about 90% of proportion as the plasticizer, are more likely to exceed the standard limit of phthalic acid ester.

    PONY Testing will carry out careful test on customer samples to help customers determine the content of phthalates in products. Welcome to contact us.