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    PAHs Testing

    In view of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) posing a risk to human health and animal and plant, AtAV Committee of Central Experience Exchange Office of German Security Technology Certification Center (ZLS) requests that PAHs testing shall be imposed to GS Mark Certification. Other countries and regions have restricted PAHs content by the written law or decree, such as: EU 76/769/EEC; the U.S. EPA; Chinese GB, GB / T, GHZ.
    Central Experience Exchange Office (ZEK) AtAV Committee under German Safety Technology Certification Center (ZLS) passed decision (See No. ZEK 01-08 Document posted on ZLS official website) on November 20th, 2007, requiring PAHs testing to be mandatorily incorporated into GS Mark certification as from April 1st, 2008 when all GS Mark certification bodies started testing PAHs items.
    PAHs Introduction
    PAHs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) are consisted of 2 to 7 benzene, linear, angular or grouped in chemical structure. They are mainly generated from incomplete combustion. Currently known, there are more than 100 kinds of PAHs, and EPA regulated PAHs are up to 16 kinds, as follows:
    Naphthalene Benzo(a)anthracene
    Acenaphthylene Chrysene
    Acenaphthene Benzo(b)fluoranthene
    Fluorene Benzo(k)fluoranthene
    Phenanthrene Benzo(a)pyrene
    Anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd) pyrene
    Fluoranthene Dibenzo(a,h) anthracene
    Pyrene Benzo(g,h) perylene

    Mandatory PAHs testing for German GS certification
    Although pervious PAHs testing were voluntary, not part of GS certification, there are two recalls in Germany: first, substances found in the wires, chassis and handle in grinding machine; second, PAHs compounds found in non-slip plastic layer of hammer. After the establishment of new regulation, products that do not pass PAHs testing will not obtain GS certification and cannot be sold in Germany.

    The following materials and components must undergo PAHs testing for GS certification
    Materials with strong rubber or naphthalenemothballodor
    All soft polymer materialsplastics and rubber materialsand black or fuscous hard polymer materials which may contact skin such as switch, keyboard, plug, handle and housing materials;
    Paint and anti-rot materialnaphthalene and methylnaphthalenewhich may increase the concentration of polyaromatic hydrocarbon on material surface;
    For the internal materials without odor, material without contact to human may exempt PAHs testing.

    PAHs limitation criteria
    PAHs limit values for consumer goodsfood contact material, materials which may be put into mouth, toys and children care productsfollows
    Materials contacting food or toys may be put in mouth by children under three.
    Material with foreseeable contact with skin for longer than 30 seconds and toys not covered by Category 1 above.
    Components which occasionally contact skin and? time of contact is less than 30 seconds or have no contact with skin
    Not detected (<0.2) *
    16 items of PAHs mg/kg (in total
    Not detected (<0.2)*

    If testing result is higher than limit value of Category but consistent with that of Category , testing needs to be conducted again to verify such result according to migration tests under DIN EN 1186 and 64 LFBG 80.30-1.

    German GS certification introduction
    Based on Germany products safety law, GS follows EU uniform EN series and Germany industrial standard DIN to carry out a series of voluntary tests, recognized throughout Europe. Being certified by GS suggests certified by a third-party credible agency. Though GS certification is voluntary, it could protect the injured whenever there is an accident. So the GS certification could strength customers confidence.
    Although GS is a German standard, it is recognized by a number of European countries. By satisfying GS and CE, a product would have a greater competence in Europe, by convey a strong message that security to customers is of top priority.

    Other regulations for limiting PAHs
    Section 30 under German Food and Daily Consuming Products Law (Lebensmittel und Bedarfsgegenstandegesetz - LFGB) establishes permissible limit value for PAHs

    Plasticscomponents constantly contacting skin in a continuously more than thirty seconds (such as handle, steering wheel etc)
    Plasticscomponents occasionally contacting skin less than thirty seconds
    1 mg/kg

    20 mg/kg

    16 items of PAHs (in total)
    10 mg/kg
    200 mg/kg
    Testing limit is 0.1 mg/kg. If material is tested to be less than 0.1 mg/kgit is deemed ND (not detected). (Quantitative limit for GS Mark is 0.2 mg/kg).

    EU directive 2005/69/EC on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    European Parliament and EU members on November 16, 2005, signed in Strasbourg, France, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 2005/69/EC Directive which is the twenty-seventh revision of Directive 76/769/EEC, and on January 1, 2010, came into force. EU Directive 2005/69/EC on the market to add oil used in the manufacture of tires should be consistent with:
    BaP content lower than 1 mg/kg
    8 kinds of PAHs (BaP, BeP, BaA, CHR, BbFA, BjFA, BkFA, DBAh) total concentration should be less than 10 mg/kg

    Pony Testing PAHs testing service
    Pony Testing has developed a series of professional testing services for PAHs, and will provide professional testing services to customers by using the methods in compliance with GS standard, welcome to contact with us.